Plants We Supply – Plant Descriptions

Monday, May 8th, 2017

See our nursery page / order form for what is available this season

Key

Dessert Fruit is eaten raw, with cheese after dinner if you fancy
Cooker Fruit is eaten cooked
Juicing Fruit makes an exceptional juice
Cider This fruit is known to make a right good cider

Early Early Ripening (February)
Mid Mid Season Ripening (March/April)
Late Late Ripening (April/May)

B, C or D Flowering time group. Different varieties of apple in the same or adjacent groups will pollinate each other
SF Self Fertile. This variety will pollinate itself
PSF Part Self Fertile. This variety will partly pollinate itself, but will produce best with a pollinator nearby
Trip Triploid. This variety will not pollinate other apple trees at all, but requires a pollinator (a SF variety if you are to only have two apples).

ALL images and descriptions are given in good faith. Variation will occur with location.

Apples

ADAM’S PEARMAIN – Dessert – Late – C – Large , conical fruit with a red flush and attractive russet. Flesh is crisp, sugary, nutty and richly flavoured. Tree is medium vigour, spreading and a good cropper. Hardy, recommended for areas with cooler summers. Partial tip bearer. Norfolk, UK, 1826

Adam's Pearmain Apple

 

 

 

 

 

AKANE – Dessert / Cooking – Early – D – Small to medium, flat-rounded, coloured deep red. Juicy, crisp, slightly chewy and sweet/acid with a slight strawberry flavour. Keeps flavour and shape when cooked. The fruit hangs on the tree for weeks allowing a long picking period. Medium vigour tree, good cropper. Healthy, reliable. Japan, 1937

Akane Apple

 

 

 

 

 

BEAUTY OF BATH – Dessert – Early – C – Small to medium, flat-round. Bright red stripes and flush. Juicy, sweet and fairly sharp, aromatic with a distinctive flavour. Very Early. Vigorous, upright spreading form, crops heavily. Tip bearer. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Healthy. Bath, Somerset, UK, c1864

Beauty of Bath Apple

 

 

 

 

 

BELLE DE BOSKOOP – Dessert / Cooking, Cider – Early – C – Triploid – Versatile medium-large, gold fruit, flushed orange-red, with a fine russet. Crisp, firm flesh, with a sharp, aromatic flavour. Eaten raw mid season. Cooked early season it makes a thick golden and pink puree, with great flavour. Makes good cider. Stores well. Vigorous, spreading tree, a good cropper. Tolerates high and low rainfall. Healthy & reliable. Named after the small community of Boskoop, Holland, 1856

Belle de Boskoop Apple

 

 

 

 

BRAMLEY’S SEEDLING – Cooking – Late – D – Triploid – The classic English cooker. Large, flat-rounded fruit with an irregular ‘blocky’ shape and greenish-yellow skin. Juicy, firm, sharply acidic flavour. Cooks to a puree, retaining its good strong acidic flavour. Keeps well. Very vigorous, spreading form, part tip bearer. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Nottinghamshire, UK, 1809-1813

Bramleys Seedling Apple

 

 

 

 

BROWNLEES RUSSET – Dessert / Cooking – Late – C – SF – Medium, short-round-conical, green/brown with a soft ocre russet. Sweet-sharp, aromatic, nutty, intense fruity flavour, juicy, crisp, firm. Great eating despite its dull looks. Keeps well. Medium vigour, upright. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Tolerates high rainfall, hardy, healthy. Hertfordshire, UK, c1848

Brownlees Russet Apple

 

 

 

 

CHARLES ROSS – Dessert / Cooking, Juice, Cider – Early – C – PSF – Medium to large, conical fruit flushed orange/red with bright red stripes. Juicy, firm, sweet flesh with a good aromatic flavour. Keeps shape when cooked, juice/cider is medium sharp. Moderately vigorous, upright spreading stocky branches, good cropper. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Tolerates high rainfall. Berkshire, UK, c1890

Charles Ross Apple

 

 

 

 

CORNISH AROMATIC – Dessert – Late – D – Medium-large, conical, ribbed and very distinctly five crowned. Bright red flushed with darker red stripes. Some Russet. White firm flesh. Has a fine sweet-sharp aromatic, good, nutty, almost spicy flavour. Tree is vigorous, hardy and prefers warm, wet climate (think Cornwell! Therefore suits coastal climes). A very healthy tree resistant to black spot and canker. Cornwall, first described by Sir Christopher Hawkins in 1813

Cornish Aromatic Apple

 

 

 

 

CRAB APPLE – Cooking – Late – Intense colour and good sharp flavours from this small deep red crab apple. Abundant fruit on a healthy tree with red leaves and stems.

Crab Apple

 

 

 

 

DISCOVERY – Dessert – Early – C – Medium, flat-round fruit, flushed bright blood red. Firm flesh, crisp, stained pink, fairly sweet, juicy and good flavoured with a strawberry hint. Very Early. Keeps well for an early apple. Medium vigour, crops well from an early age. Tends to tip bearing and requires little pruning. Blossoms frost tolerant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Tolerates low rainfall areas. Healthy and reliable. Langham, Essex, UK, Raised circa 1949 by Mr Dummer

Discovery Apple

 

 

 

 

EGREMONT RUSSET – Dessert / Juice – Early – B – PSF – The classic russet. You haven’t tried a russet? They are deliciously unlike a modern apple! Medium, flat-round, gold, slight orange flush with an ochre russet. Firm, crisp, sweet flesh with a very good nutty aromatic flavour. Makes good rich juice. Moderately vigorous, upright, compact, precocious, reliable, good cropper, suited to pot culture, blossom is frost tolerant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Possibly Sussex, UK, first recorded it in 1872

Egremont Russet Apple

 

 

 

 

EPICURE – Dessert – Early – C – PSF – Small, round-conical, dark orange-red flush, thick red stripes. Juicy, crisp, slightly aromatic, delicate, excellent refreshing flavour. Hardy tree, precocious, spur bearer, heavy cropper, blossoms frost tolerant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Laxton Bros., Bedford, UK, in 1909

Epicure Apple

 

 

 

 

FORTUNE – Dessert – Early – C – PSF – Medium, round-conical, striped and flushed red, russet netting. Firm flesh, sweet, juicy, slightly aromatic and rich when fully ripe. Juice is medium sharp. Moderately vigorous tree, hardy, precocious, good cropper, part tip bearer, blossom frost tolerant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Healthy. Laxton Bros., Bedford, UK in 1904

Fortune Apple

 

 

 

 

GRENADIER – Cooking, Juice, Cider – Early – C – PSF – Large, round-conical, ribbed, greenish-yellow fruit. Firm, fine textured, crisp and sharp. Fluffy when cooked, with an excellent sharp flavour. Very early. Medium vigour, compact, hardy tree. Heavy cropping, tip bearer. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Tolerates a wet soil and climate. Healthy. Slough, UK, c1862

Grenadier Apple

 

 

 

 

 

HETLINA – Dessert – Mid – Medium sized, attractively coloured fruit with a bright red blush. Flesh is refreshing, crisp and firm. Reputed to contain high levels of riboflavins and other health-promoting vitamins. Healthy tree with an upright habit. Originated in Czechoslovakia

Hetlina Apple

 

 

 

 

IRISH PEACH – Dessert – Early – B – Medium, yellow fruit flushed with red. Juicy, crisp, sweet-sharp with an excellent aromatic flavour. Vigorous, good very early cropper. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Sligo, Ireland, c1819

Irish Peach Apple

 

 

 

 

 

KIDD’S ORANGE – Dessert – Late – D – Medium sized conical fruit. Yellow/gold, flushed deep crimson with dark stripes. Variable russet. Juicy and crisp, with a sweet-sharp, rich, aromatic flavour. Stores well. Medium vigour tree with an upright, compact shape. Spurs freely, good reliable cropper. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Dislikes wet areas. Healthy tree. New Zealand, 1924 bred by James Hatton Kidd

Kidd's Orange Apple

 

 

 

 

LADY SUDELEY – Dessert – Mid – D – PSF – Medium-large, round-conical fruit, striped bold red. Flesh is cream-yellow, quite sweet, juicy, firm, with a good aromatic flavour. Moderately vigorous tree, a, good cropper, spurs freely, part tip bearer, suited to pot culture. Blossom is frost tolerant, recommended for areas with cooler summers. Kent, UK, 1849

Lady Sudeley Apple

 

 

 

 

 

LAWFAM – Dessert – Mid – C – Medium to large, round-conical, with very dark scarlet-maroon skin. Firm white flesh, crisp, sweet, melting with a strawberry / vinous (grape like) hint. Vigorous, spreading, heavy cropper. Canada (ott), 1898

Lawfam Apple

 

 

 

 

LIBERTY – Dessert – Late – C – Medium, round to conical fruit, flushed and striped bright red. Juicy & crisp with a good sweet-sharp flavour. Vigorous and spreading, fruits young and is a good, regular, reliable cropper. Healthy, tolerates high rainfall. New York, USA, 1974

Liberty Apple

 

 

 

 

MERTON RUSSET – Dessert / Juice – Late – C – Medium sized, conical, golden fruit with a fine cinnamon russet. Flesh is firm and sweet/sharp with a unique spicy, lemon / pineapple flavour. Very Late. Stores well. Vigorous, heavy cropper. Raised 1921 by John Innes, Hort Institute

Merton Russet Apple

 

 

 

 

PEASGOOD’s NONSUCH – Dessert / Cooking – Mid – C – PSF – Very large, round fruit. Yellow with broad broken red stripes. Eaten raw is sweet-sharp, juicy and aromatic. Cooks beautifully to a delicate, fluffy puree texture with a good sweet-sharp flavour. A medium vigor, very hardy tree that spurs freely. A reliable, good cropper. Originally grown by the young Mrs Peasgood at Grantham, Lincolnshire, UK, from seed sown in about 1858

Peasgood's Nonsuch Apple

 

 

 

 

PRIMA – Dessert / Drying – Mid to Late – C – Medium sized, round, yellow with a bright red blush and faint stripe. Fine grained yellow flesh, crisp and juicy with a rich fruity flavour. Vigorous tree, good cropper. USA, 1957

Prima Apple

 

 

 

 

REINETTE DU CANADA – Cooking – Late – D – Triploid – Medium to large, round-conical, yellow/gold fruit with a slight orange flush and russet netting. Pale cream, firm flesh. Cooks to a stiff puree that is sweet and rich. Keeps well, high vitamin C. Vigorous, good cropper. France

Reinette du Canada Apple

 

 

 

 

RIBSTON PIPPIN – Dessert / Cooking – Late – C – Triploid – Medium sized, round-conical golden fruit, striped red. Flesh is pale yellow, firm and juicy, with an aromatic, intense, rich, flavour. Very high vitamin C content, keeps well. Medium vigour tree, precocious, good cropper. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Yorkes, UK

Ribston Pippin Apple

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPARTAN – Dessert – Late – D – SF – Medium sized, round-conical fruit, smooth skinned, flushed deep maroon red. Flesh is a contrasting pure white, crisp and very juicy with a sweet-sharp, aromatic strawberry/melon/vinous (grape like) flavour. Hardy, vigorous tree that spurs freely, blossom is frost tolerant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. British Columbia, Canada. 1926

Spartan Apple

 

 

 

 

 

SUNSET – Dessert – Mid – SF – Small-medium sized round fruit, golden, flushed orange and striped red with russet patches. Firm, crisp, fine textured, moderately juicy and sweet-sharp flesh with a good intense aromatic flavour. Medium vigour tree, compact, suited to pot growing. Spurs freely. Regular heavy crops. Blossom tolerant of frost. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Prefers a dry cool climate. Kent, UK, c1918

Sunset Apple

 

 

 

 

 

TYDEMAN’S LATE ORANGE – Dessert – Late – D – Medium sized, round-conical fruit. Golden, with an orange-red flush, striped red with russet netting. Firm, crisp, fairly juicy flesh, sweet, with a good, rich, sub-acid, aromatic flavour. Keeps well. Vigorous, slender branches, spurs freely, good cropper. Blossom is frost resistant. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Prefers a dry climate. Healthy. East Malling Research Station, Kent, UK, 1930

Tydemans Late Orange Apple

 

 

 

 

Apricot

MOORPARK – Dessert / Cooking / Bottling – Early – SF – Delicious richly flavoured apricot. Healthy tree, suited to hot dry conditions. The best apricot for coastal climates.

Moorpark Apricot

 

 

 

 

 

Peach

BLACK BOY – Dessert / Cooking – Late – SF – Medium sized, port wine skinned fruit. Flesh is mottled white and red, delicious raw, stewed or bottled. Resistant to leaf curl – the best peach for coastal areas.

Black Boy Peach

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pears

BEURRE HARDY ($40)- Dessert – Mid – D – Triploid- Medium to large fruit, yellow skin with a fine cinnamon russet. Smooth, melting, buttery and very juicy flesh. Rich aromatic flavour. Vigorous, healthy tree, quite hardy. Regular heavy crops in a warm location. France, 1820

Beurre Hardy Pear

 

 

 

 

 

CONFERENCE – Dessert / Cooking – C – Medium to large long necked fruit, green with russets spots. Sweet, very juicy flesh, smooth, pleasant flavour. Can be eaten from crunchy to soft, giving it a long season. Cooks and bottles beautifully. Moderately vigorous, spurs freely, hardy, regular, reliable crops. Recommended for areas with cooler summers. Berkenshire, UK, introduced 1894

Conference Pear

 

 

 

 

 

JARGONELLE- Early

LOUIS BON OF JERSERY – Mid

STARKRIMSON – Dessert / Cooking – D – Medium sized fruit with wine red skin Flesh is white, firm, fine grained, crisp, sweet and very juicy with a slightly sub-acid flavour. Great for canning. Vigorous, upright, hardy, very good cropper. Missouri, USA, c1950

Starkrimson Pear

 

 

 

 

 

WILLIAM’S BON CHRETIEN (BARTLETT)- Dessert / Cooking – Early – D – SF – Medium-large, golden-yellow fruit with red streaks on sunny side. Very smooth flesh, juicy, sweet and sub-acid. It has a good, strong flavour. Great eaten raw, and the worlds most popular bottling pear. Moderately vigorous, fairly hardy, good crops. UK renamed Bartlett in USA

Conference Pear

 

 

 

 

 

Plums

ANGELINA BURDETT- Dessert – Early – SF Pollinator: Greengage – Medium sized, blue – black, flesh greenish – yellow, very juicy, good flavour, hangs well on tree. Greengage type.

Angelina Burdette Plum

 

 

 

 

 

BILLINGTON’S – Dessert / Cooking – Early – Pollinators: Santa Rosa, Wilsons Early SF – Small, dark red skin, light red firm flesh, good flavour, good cooker, clingstone. Reliable cropper.

Billingtons Plum

 

 

 

 

BURBANK

Burbank Plum

 

 

 

 

 

GREENGAGE

SANTA ROSA

SATSUMA

STANLEY PRUNE – Dessert / Drying – Early – SF – Medium sized, dark blue, freestone fruit, oval in shape, flesh is yellow, juicy, sweet and very good quality. Vigorous tree, late flowering, hardy, reliable and a good cropper

Stanley Prune

 

 

 

 

 

WILSON’S EARLY – Dessert / Cooking – Early – Pollinators: Billington’s, Santa Rosa – Small fruit (bigger if thinned), bright red, flesh yellow, juicy, tart, clingstone. Medium vigour tree. Very early, very reliable. (Japanese type)

Wilson's Early Plum

 

 

 

 

 

Quince

Quince ‘Orokonui’- A fantastic quince variety found in Waitati. Medium size fruit, healthy tree.

Waitati Quince

 

 

 

 

Elderberry Tree

Make your own Elderflower Champayne, Cordial, Elderberry wine, syrup. Many other medicinal uses. A hardy multifunctional tree.

Grape

Albany Surprise

Albany Surprise Grape

 

 

 

 

Blackcurrant

Blackcurrant ‘Kimberly’

Blackcurrant

 

 

 

 

Blackcurrant ‘Goliath’

Blackcurrant

 

 

 

 

Gooseberry

Invicta – Large Green, mildew resistant

Invicta Gooseberry

 

 

 

 

Pax – Red, nearly thornless

Pax Gooseberry

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Companion Plants

DWARF COMFREY – Symphytum ibericum

Dwarf Comfrey

 

 

 

 

RUSSIAN COMFREY – Symphytum x uplandicum

russian comfrey

 

 

 

 

Rootstock

15-20mm diameter x 100-1500mm high
Ready for your spring grafting

Apple – Vigorous M793

Apple – Medium M106

Apple – Dwarf M26

Pear – BA29 Quince (requires an interstock, Purchase Beurre Hardy to graft incompatable varieties onto)

Golden Queen Rootsock – For grafting: Apricots, Peaches & Plums N/A 2017

Informational Resources

VEGETABLE PLANTING CHART FOR COASTAL OTAGO / SOUTHLAND An easy to read wall chart showing which months vegetables can be sown direct, into trays or planted as seedlings. Succession planting and much more information… Put it on your fridge or in the potting shed for quick reference. The visual chart format helps with planning your yearly vegetable planting. A3 – Printed on robust recycled card

Calendar Promotional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EDIBLE & USEFUL TREES AND SHRUBS FOR THE DUNEDIN AREA – “A fine selection of multifunctional plants suited to organic and permaculture plantings in town and countryside.” Extensive tables of trees and shrubs give information on botanical name, size, multiple uses and preferred conditions. This is great starting point for further research into useful plants for coastal climates in the South of the South Island. Plant lists are provided for: Fruit, Nuts, Vegetable Uses, Edible Flowers, Animal forage, Chicken Forage, Bee Forage, Timber, Coppice, Dye, Shelter, and Nitrogen Fixing. 32 page booklet, by J. Ross, 2002.

EDIBLE & USEFUL TREES AND SHRUBS for the Dunedin Area

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The Many Benefits of Semi-Dwarf Heritage Apple Trees

Thursday, March 6th, 2014

Semi-Dwarf Discovery Apple Tree. 1.8m high and 2.5m wide! With a good heavy crop.

The primary reason that we like grafted fruit trees is that by grafting onto specially bred rootstock we can reduce the size of the tree when it is mature. The trees are then easier to manage, the fruit easier to reach and we can fit more variety of trees into a smaller space.

Specifically this winter (2013) I am promoting a great range of heritage apples that I have grafted onto the semi-dwarf rootstock called M26 (bred by the good people at the East Malling Research Station in England). This makes a fantastic multi-purpose size apple tree, it dwarfs the tree size to thirty to fifty percent of normal size, that is, around two to three meters high and wide. This is a little under M106 which dwarfs to sixty to seventy percent. It still has good vigor and robustness compared to a full dwarf apple on a rootstock such as M9 which dwarfs to a quarter of full size. It is also cold hardy so can also be used in inland gardens.

M26-Apple-TreesAnother great feature of this rootstock is that it is as vigorous in its first few years as the more vigorous stocks, so establishes quickly, and it is precocious, that is, it starts fruiting at a young age. You can expect twenty to thirty fruit in the third year from planting.

Heritage apples grafted on M26 are a great choice for espalier, growing against a fence or wall or over a pergola or pathway arch. These make beautiful and productive dividers or backdrops for vegetable gardens or edible courtyards. All of these situations call for a tree to mature at around two to three meters high. M26 will quickly grow to fill the space and enjoy the support of the structure for the early heavy crops. As an espalier or against a fence two metres high expect the tree to cover two to three metres of wall, therefore plant them this distance apart. If you really want to pack in the varieties to ensure a great variety of tastes, uses and seasons of use, then plant an inclined cordon at one meter spacing.

The Many Benefits of Semi-Dwarf Heritage Apple Trees

Thursday, June 20th, 2013

Semi-Dwarf Discovery Apple TreeSemi-Dwarf Discovery Apple Tree. 1.8m high and 2.5m wide! With a good heavy crop.

The primary reason that we like grafted fruit trees is that by grafting onto specially bred rootstock we can reduce the size of the tree when it is mature. The trees are then easier to manage, the fruit easier to reach and we can fit more variety of trees into a smaller space.

Specifically this winter I am promoting a great range of heritage apples that I have grafted onto the semi-dwarf rootstock called M26 (bred by the good people at the East Malling Research Station in England). This makes a fantastic multi-purpose size apple tree, it dwarfs the tree size to thirty to fifty percent of normal size, that is, around two to three meters high and wide. This is a little under M106 which dwarfs to sixty to seventy percent. It still has good vigor and robustness compared to a full dwarf apple on a rootstock such as M9 which dwarfs to a quarter of full size. It is also cold hardy so can also be used in inland gardens.

Another great feature of this rootstock is that it is as vigorous in its first few years as the more vigorous stocks, so establishes quickly, and it is precocious, that is, it starts fruiting at a young age. You can expect twenty to thirty fruit in the third year from planting.

Heritage apples grafted on M26 are a great choice for espalier, growing against a fence or wall or over a pergola or pathway arch. These make beautiful and productive dividers or backdrops for vegetable gardens or edible courtyards. All of these situations call for a tree to mature at around two to three meters high. M26 will quickly grow to fill the space and enjoy the support of the structure for the early heavy crops. As an espalier or against a fence two metres high expect the tree to cover two to three metres of wall, therefore plant them this distance apart. If you really want to pack in the varieties to ensure a great variety of tastes, uses and seasons of use, then plant an inclined cordon at one meter spacing.

Winter Pruned Semi-Dwarf DiscoveryWinter Pruned Semi-Dwarf Discovery

Apples on M26 are also used in permaculture food forest plantings as understory or edge trees. Food forests use the observed patterns of natural woodlands to inspire the design of productive gardens / orchards, thus utilising space effectively by stacking vertically layers of edible and useful plants. Apples on M26 can be used in either the low tree layer (use early varieties, cooking varieties and varieties suited to cool summers) or as part of the forest edge (use sun loving varieties). When growing M26 as a freestanding tree, always stake it to get it going and to take the weight of early crops and keep it staked if any winds are likely to catch it.

M26 Apple TreesTwo year old M26 apple trees from our nursery will be quick to crop in your garden.

See our catalogue for a great range of heritage apples on M26 rootstock, some varieties also available as two year old M26.

If you are after a larger tree to eventually sit under, if you have heavy soils, or there is going to be competition for the tree then choose a more vigorous rootstock such as M106 or M793.

Tastier and Healthier!

Tuesday, April 24th, 2012

Heritage Apples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Science is slowly catching up with what we can taste and feel: “Older varieties of fruit and veg may be considerably healthier than their modern supermarket equivalents, researchers claim”.

One of our all time favourite apples, Egremont Russet is mentioned in the following article a friend just sent me:

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=10798607

Pictured are apples on our display at the Waitati A&P Show.